Cayenne Pepper -- Long Red
Capiscum annuum longum
Jefferson first planted this pepper at Shadwell, his birthplace, in 1767 (just before his twenty-fourth birthday) and included them among the hundreds of plants listed in his garden calendar for 1812. This versatile tropical fruit is used in cooking - fresh or dried - as a hot, spicy flavoring. The green or ripe pods can be pickled, used in chili vinegar, and in pepper-sauce and salsa. The glossy red fruits are also desirable in decorations and dried-flower arrangements.
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